the vertical and horizontal of the cross

The “vertical and the horizontal of the cross” is a way of defining justification and sanctification.  It’s a way to explain our relationship with God and our relationship with man.  It’s a way to differentiate between what God has done for us and what we can do for Him.

The cross is constructed of two beams.  The upright one that is placed in the ground and extends from the ground to the sky.  It’s up and down, reflecting the cardinal directions of north and south.  The horizontal beam that is supported by the upright beam and it stretches from east to west.

The cross of Christ is the focal point of all history.  It is the definition of our daily lives and gives purpose to our very existence.  Understanding the vertical and horizontal is helpful in understanding God.

Another Way to “See” the Vertical and Horizontal

(excerpt from Remember Me – A Course in Rightly Remembering, by Shari Abbott)

sabbath rest cross

It’s interesting to note that the first three of the Ten Commandments pertain to our relationship with God.  The last six are about our relationship with our fellow man.  So where does the fourth commandment fit in?

The fourth commandment, Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy is the one that binds the others together.  It is the commandment to rest in God and to find our satisfaction and peace in Him alone.

In His earthly incarnation, Jesus summarized the Ten Commandments with two Great Commandments:

Matthew 22:37-40  Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment.  And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

The first three of the 10 commandments are summarized in Jesus’ first and great commandment.  Those three commandments are about our vertical relationship with God and Jesus’ first and great commandment is “love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.” (Matt 22:37)

 The last six of the 10 commandments are summarized in Jesus’ second commandment.  Those commandments are about our horizontal relationship with our neighbors.

Jesus clearly proclaimed that His Law is all about love—loving God first and then loving our neighbors.  But what about the fourth commandment?  

Jesus is our Rest

Jesus Himself embodies the fourth commandment as our Sabbath rest (Hebrews 4).  He is our rest and His Law is love (John 13:34, James 2:8).

We are to abide in Christ and allow His love and His Spirit to work in and through us, and direct and guide us.

  • Abiding in Christ is our source of peace, comfort and strength. 
  • Abiding in Christ fuels us with His love and enables us to love others.

Live your life in the light of what Jesus has done for you. Be anchored in Him. Rejoice in who you are in Him. Find your rest in Jesus and remember that the law we live by is His Law of Love —  Love for God (vertical, 1 John 4:19) and love for our neighbors (horizontal, Rom 13:10).  

The Royal Law

Loving our neighbors is fulfilling the Royal Law.

James 2:8  If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well.

Jesus crossThe Royal Law is the Law of King Jesus. He gave this Law/commandment to His 11 faithful disciples (after Judas left) on the night in which He was betrayed :

John 13:34-5 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. 

The love we give to others, in our horizontal relationships, flows from the love we have received in our vertical relationship.

1 John 4:19  We love him, because he first loved us.

Abide in Christ. Allow His love and His Spirit to work in and through you, and to direct and guide you. By the power of the Holy Spirit, keep the Royal Law.  Understand that God doesn’t need your good works, but your neighbor does.  Until Jesus returns for us, or until we die and go to be with Him, show His love by loving and serving others.

Find Sabbath Rest in Jesus

It’s easy for us to focus on the horizontal.  The world calls loudly to us.  And the flesh desire that which is of the world. Always remember to focus first on the vertical. For by seeking God first (the vertical), you will receive strength for the day, joy for life’s journey, and rest for the soul.

Isa 30:15  For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength…

Mat 11:28  Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

Heb 4:9-11  There remains therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.  Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

When thinking of the cross, the best way to remember the vertical and horizontal is:

First: “It is Finished” (vertical).  
Second: It’s only just begun (horizontal)


About Lent

About Holy Week

About Easter and Resurrection Life

Watch NOW...You will be blessed.

Jesus is the Reason this Ministry Exists

Our mission is to glorify God by equipping, encouraging, and empowering
YOU to understand the Bible and grow in faith. If our online resources have blessed you, we hope you will support Reasons for Hope* Jesus. Our ministry outreach has grown significantly and we need your help to continue.  Please support Reasons for Hope* Jesus with a donation of $5, $10, $20, or more. A donation of any amount is needed and greatly appreciated.
to Reasons for Hope*Jesus(a 501c3 Ministry)
Use a Credit Card or PayPal for safe, secure giving.


***A Hidden Message in Psalm 23?***  Hidden in the six verses of Psalm 23 are 11 names for Jesus.  Subscribe to our newsletter and we’ll send you The Names of God in Psalm 23 PDF that reveals all 11 names and Scripture verses of comfort and hope (link will be sent in your confirmation email).  SUBSCRIBE NOW

The Top Ten  in 2019

  1.  The Meaning of NUMBERS in the Bible?
  2. The Meaning of COLORS in the Bible?
  3. Is my TATTOO a sin?
  4. What do the 12 stones UNDER the JORDAN River mean? (Joshua 4)
  5. What Does It Mean to TASTE & SEE That God Is Good? (Psalm 34)
  6. CHARLIE BROWN Theology  
  7. Did The Wise Men Arrive 12 DAYS AFTER JESUS’ BIRTH? Or Was It Much Later?
  8. Where did OT Saints go at death? ABRAHAM'S BOSOM? Where was that?
  9. Is Leonard Cohen’s “HALLELUJAH” a Christian Song?
  10. Is It a Sin to Drink ALCOHOL? 

More Popular Questions & Articles:

If BAPTIZED as an Infant, Do I Need to Be Baptized Again?
How was Jesus Like a Worm? What’s the CRIMSON (OR SCARLET) WORM? Psalm 22
Is Satan’s Real Name LUCIFER? Or Should We Call Him Satan?
What is the Significance of the Wise Men's THREE GIFTS? And were they kings? 
Was Jesus CRUCIFIED on Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
The Names of Jehovah hidden in Psalm 23! This will surprise you!
What Did Jesus Say About HEAVEN (and HELL)?
JESUS WEPT. Why? And…it’s not the shortest verse in the Bible!
Is There a Remez (HIDDEN MESSAGE ) in Revelation 7? Why is Dan Missing?
What Does it Mean to Be A CHILD OF GOD?
Why Is PRAYER Important?
Is SUICIDE an Unforgivable Sin?

Something ALL Christians must know:  IVDARR

Our Top Three Videos
Christian Version of Leonard Cohen's HALLELUJAH
Memorial Day BAGPIPES TRIBUTE: Amazing Grace
RISE AND SHINE and Give God the Glory, Glory!

All resources on this site © Reasons for Hope* Jesus --  click for Republication Permissions or contact

Please Share with Friends to Equip & Encourage Them
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!


Yes, send me answers to interesting and challenging questions about Jesus and the Bible.  Help me get equipped and be encouraged so I am empowered to know, live, and share my faith.  <*}}}><


Get equipped with knowledge!

Be encouraged in hope!

Live empowered with love! 

You have Successfully Subscribed!