Genesis Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Moses  DATE: 1450-1410 B.C.  Genesis means “origin” and thus is the perfect title for the book that records the origins of all human history.  Genesis is a real-life history record of the origins of the world, man, sin, civilization, the nations,...

Exodus Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Moses    DATE: 1450-1410 B.C. The Hebrew title of the book is “The Names,” taken from the first verse, “these are the names of…” The English title is Exodus, which means ”way out.” The theme of Exodus is redemption, specifically God’s deliverance...

Leviticus Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Moses  DATE: 1450-1410 B.C.  The English title of this book means “pertaining to the Levites.” The book is records practices for the priests (who were from the tribe of Levi) and laws concerning all the Israelites. The Hebrew title is “And He...

Numbers Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Moses DATE: 1450-1410 B.C. The Hebrew title of the book means “in the wilderness of.” Most of the book records the history of the Israelites as they wandered for 40 years in the wilderness of Sinai. The Greek Septuagint attributed the title,...

Deuteronomy Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Moses DATE: 1410 B.C. The Hebrew title of this book is taken from the opening phrase Eleh ha-devarim, “These are the words…” The English title “Deuteronomy” comes from the Greek deuteronomion, meaning “second law,”  or...

Joshua Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Joshua DATE: 1400-1370 B.C. While Joshua is identified as the author of this book (24:1-26), there are a few sections (15:13-17, 24:29-31) that must have been written by another. It’s thought that these passages were probably added by Eleazar the priest...

Judges Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Anonymous DATE: 1050-1000 B.C. The events of this book cover the turbulent period in Israel’s history from the conquest of Palestine to the beginnings of the monarchy (circa 1380 to 1050 B.C.). Under Joshua, the land had been conquered and occupied, but...

Ruth Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Uncertain DATE: ca. 1000 B.C. The author is unknown, though Samuel is suggested by some. The events of the book of Ruth took place during the period of the judges (latter part of the 12th century B.C.), but the book was not written until later. Notice that the...

1 Samuel Overview and Outline

AUTHORS: Samuel and others DATE: 930 B.C. and later The two books of Samuel are named for the key figure of the early chapters, the prophet Samuel.  Samuel’s authorship of a book is attested to in 1 Samuel 10:25, however, it’s not possible that Samuel...

2 Samuel Overview and Outline

AUTHORS: Samuel and others DATE: 930 B.C. and later In the Hebrew Bible, 1 and 2 Samuel are a single book. On matters of authorship, date, and background, see 1 Samuel Overview and Outline. First Samuel closes with the death of Israel’s first king, Saul. Second...

1 Chronicles Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Ezra DATE: 450-425 B.C. The books of 1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one book until 180 B.C.  The Hebrew title for the books means “the words (affairs) of the days” and together they chronicle the history of Israel from Adam, to the Babylonian...

2 Chronicles Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Ezra DATE: 450-425 B.C. The books of 1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one book until 180 B.C.  The Hebrew title for the books means “the words (affairs) of the days” and together they chronicle the history of Israel from Adam, to the Babylonian...

1 Kings Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Jeremiah DATE: ca. 550 B.C. Originally one book, 1 and 2 Kings get their names from the fact that they present the history of the kings of Israel. The book begins with the death of King David, and the succession of Solomon to the throne, and ends with the...

2 Kings Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Jeremiah DATE: ca. 550 B.C. Originally one book, 1 and 2 Kings get their names from the fact that they present the history of the kings of Israel. The book begins with the death of King David, and the succession of Solomon to the throne, and ends with the...

Ezra Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Ezra DATE: 450-444 B.C. The book is named after its principal character, Ezra, although Ezra is not mentioned in the book as the author. It is, however, believed that Ezra did write that book and it’s known that it originally was part of a larger book...

Nehemiah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Nehemiah DATE 445-425 B.C. As cupbearer to King Artaxerxes I, Nehemiah’s position was one of great honor and responsibility. Significant duties included certifying that none of the wine the king drank was poisoned and serving as a trusted servant and...

Esther Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Uncertain DATE: 465 B.C. We do not know who wrote the book of Esther, but it is believed that the author was a Jew (Jewish nationalism is clear in the book).  The author recorded details of the reign of Ahasuerus and the palace in Susa. The book was written...

Job Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Unknown (perhaps Job himself, Elihu, Moses, or Solomon) DATE: Uncertain.  Thought to be the oldest book.  While we do not know who wrote this book, it is titled for the central character, Job, who is confirmed as a historical person (Ezek. 14:14, 20; James...

Psalms Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Various Authors DATE: Probable 1060-444 B.C. The Jews referred to this book of songs, laments, and praises as “The Book of Praises,” while the Septuagint titled it “The Book of Psalms” (from a Greek word indicating songs sung to the...

Proverbs Overview and Outline

AUTHORS: Solomon and Others DATE: 950-700 B.C. First Kings 4:32 tells that Solomon spoke 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs. Proverbs 1:1-9:18, 10:1-22:16, and 25:1-29:27 are ascribed to Solomon, although the proverbs in 25:1-29:27 were selected from Solomon’s...
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