Psalms Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Various Authors DATE: Probable 1060-444 B.C. The Jews referred to this book of songs, laments, and praises as “The Book of Praises,” while the Septuagint titled it “The Book of Psalms” (from a Greek word indicating songs sung to the...

Proverbs Overview and Outline

AUTHORS: Solomon and Others DATE: 950-700 B.C. First Kings 4:32 tells that Solomon spoke 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs. Proverbs 1:1-9:18, 10:1-22:16, and 25:1-29:27 are ascribed to Solomon, although the proverbs in 25:1-29:27 were selected from Solomon’s...

Ecclesiastes Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Solomon DATE: ca. 935 BC The Hebrew title is Qoheleth means “one who convenes and speaks at an assembly,” or “an ecclesiastic,” or “preacher.” The Greek equivalent, ecclesiastes, also means “preacher” and is...

Song of Songs Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Solomon DATE: ca. 965 B.C. The Hebrew title for this verse comes from verse 1.  It is The Song of Songs, which means “the most superlative, or best, of songs.”  The English title, also from verse 1, is The Song of Solomon, which designates the...

Isaiah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Isaiah DATE: 740-680 B.C. The prophet Isaiah was the son of Amoz, but nothing is known about this man. What we do know is that God spoke at great length to Isaiah and used him in a mighty way to carry his message to the nation and prophesy of coming events for...

Jeremiah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Jeremiah DATE: 627-585 B.C. Jeremiah is often called the “weeping prophet” (Jer 9:1; 13:17) or the “prophet of loneliness” because he was commanded not to marry, Jer16:2. Jeremiah is also the “reluctant prophet” (1:6), yet...

Lamentations Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Jeremiah DATE: ca. 586 B.C. The term Lamentations is from a Greek verb meaning “to cry aloud.”  Crying aloud accurately describes this book, which consists of five melancholy poems of mourning over the utter destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple...

Ezekiel Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Ezekiel DATE: 592-570 B.C.   From a priestly family (Eze 1:3), Ezekiel’s name means “God strengthens.”  He spent his early years in Jerusalem until he was deported with others to Babylon in 597 B.C. In Babylon, Ezekiel settled in his own...

Daniel Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Daniel DATE: 537 B.C. AUTHOR: Daniel, from the Tribe of Judah DATE: 537 B.C. The Prophet Daniel, whose name means “God is my judge,” was from the Tribe of Judah.  He was taken captive, when a youth, in the first siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar...

Hosea Overview & Outline

AUTHOR: HoseaDATE: ca. 710 B.C.We don’t know much about the person of Hosea, but we do know his character.  Like his contemporary, Amos, he prophesied to the Northern Kingdom (Israel) at the same time that Isaiah and Micah were prophesying to the Southern...

Joel Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Joel DATE: Date Uncertain Joel’s name means Yahweh is God.  Most believe he wrote around 835 B.C., during the days of young King Jehoash (835-796) who was under the regency of priests (because he ascended the throne of Judah when he was seven years old 2...

Amos Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Amos DATE: circa 7:30-760 B.C. Amos was a shepherd and a fig farmer (Amos 7:14) in the southern village of Tekoa in Judah (a village 10 mi, or 16 km, S of Jerusalem).  God called Amos (7:15) and sent him to Bethel to prophesy of His coming judgment on the...

Obadiah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Obadiah DATE: 845 or 586 B.C. Short but Powerful Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament, only 21 verses long. It’s also the least read book of all the books in the Bible. Yet, all the prophecies of Obadiah have been fulfilled with the...

Jonah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Jonah DATE: 760 B.C. Although some consider this book to be an allegory, according to 2 Kings 14:25, Jonah was not only a real person but a proven prophet from Gath-hepher near Nazareth. The book is also written as a historical narrative.  Furthermore, Jesus...

Micah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Micah 700 B.C. Micah was a Judean from Moresheth.  He preached at the same time as Isaiah, Amos, and Hosea. While Isaiah, Amos, and Hosea were in the Northern Kingdom, and Isaiah was in the city of Jerusalem, Micah was in a rural area in the southwest part of...

Nahum Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Nahum DATE: 663-612 B.C. Not a lot is known about Nahum.  We do know that his name means consolation and, interestingly, Nahum’s message was to be a consolation, or comfort, to Judah.  It was to be a reminder that God will judge the wicked.   We also...

Habakkuk Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Habakkuk DATE: 606-604 B.C. HABAKKUK / AUTHOR: Habakkuk / DATE: 606-604 B.C. Nothing is known about the prophet himself, except that his name means “embracer.” however, Habakkuk is a very special prophet.  Instead of God speaking to His people...

Zephaniah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Zephaniah DATE: ca. 625 B.C.   We know from Zeph 1:1 that Zephaniah was of noble birth.  He was the great, great grandson of King Hezekiah, one of Judah’s godly kings.  Zephaniah’s name means, “whom the Lord hides or protects.”  He...

Haggai Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: HaggaiDATE: 520 B.C.Haggai (whose name means “my feast”) was the first prophetic voice after the Babylonian Exile. He was a contemporary of Zechariah and is believed to have returned from Babylon with him (this was also at the time of Confucius)....

Zechariah Overview and Outline

AUTHOR: Zechariah DATE: 520-518 B.C. Zechariah was the grandson of Iddo, a priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel and Joshua (Neh. 12:4).  According to tradition, Iddo was a member of the Great Synagogue (the governing body of the Jews before the Sanhedrin)....
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