DATE: Date Uncertain
Joel’s name means Yahweh is God. Most believe he wrote around 835 B.C., during the days of young King Jehoash (835-796) who was under the regency of priests (because he ascended the throne of Judah when he was seven years old 2 Kings 11:21). Joel’s prophecy tells of a coming severe drought and invasion of locusts that would be punishment for the sins of the people. He “pictured” the invasion of locusts as an army, and it serves as a harbinger of a future military campaign in the Day of the Lord.
The Day of the Lord is the major theme of Joel’s prophecy. This “day” will be a time period that includes the Great Tribulation (Isa. 2:12-19; 4:1), the second coming of Christ (Joel 2:30-32), and the Millennium (Isa. 4:2; 12; 19:23-25; Jer. 30:7-9). It will be the time of God’s divine intervention in the affairs of human history to bring about the culmination of His perfect plan and purpose. The Book of Joel gives an account of God’s intervention in the affairs of Israel (Zeph. 1:14-18; Joel 1:15) and heathen nations (Isa. 13:6; Jer. 46:10; Ezek. 30:3) that represents a partial fulfillment of the eschatological Day of the Lord (Joel 2:1-11; Isa. 13:6-13).
OUTLINE OF JOEL
I. Title Verse: the Author, 1:1
II. Desolation, 1:2-2:17
A. The Character of the Desolation, 1:2-12
B. The Reactions to the Desolation, 1:13-14
C. The Picture of the Desolation, 1:15-20
D. The Prophecy of Future Desolation, 2:1-11
E. The Exhortation in View of Desolation, 2:12-17
III. Deliverance, 2:18-3:21
A. The Promise of Immediate Deliverance, 2:18-27
B. The Promise of Future Deliverance, 2:28-3:21
1. Its initiation, 2:28-32
2. Its judgments, 3:1-17
3. Its consummation, 3:18-21
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