DATE: 66 AD
Some suggest that someone other than Peter might have written this letter around 80 AD. They attribute their reasoning to differences in style, a supposed dependence on Jude, and the mention of Paul’s letters having been collected (2 Pet. 3:16). It’s easy to counter these claims. 1) Using a different scribe or no scribe would have resulted in a different writing style. 2) Nothing clearly suggests that Peter borrowed from Jude and it is more likely that Jude was written after 2 Peter. 3) Second Peter 3:16 would refer to all of Paul’s letters that had been written up to that time. It must be considered that there are similarities between 1 and 2 Peter that indicated the same author. Plus, its inclusion in the canon demands apostolic authority. Therefore, assuming Peter wrote this letter, it was most like written from Rome shortly before his martyrdom in 67 AD.
Peter wrote to remind Christians (1:12; 3:1) of the truth of Christianity as opposed to the heresies of false teachers. He began his letter by introducing two important doctrines: justification, what Jesus did for us to make us righteous before God, and regeneration (2 Peter 1:1-2), the work of the Holy Spirit to give us new birth, so that we can be “partakers of the divine nature” (2 Peter 1:4). Peter also wrote about the Transfiguration (2 Peter 1:16-18), the inspiration of Scripture (2 Peter 1:21), and the certainty of the second coming of Christ (2 Peter 3:4-10).
OUTLINE OF 2 PETER
I. Greetings, 1:1-2
II. The Development of Faith, 1:3-21
A. The Growth of Faith, 1:3-11
B. The Ground of Faith, 1:12-21
III. The Denouncing of False Teachers, 2:1-22
A. Their Conduct, 2:1-3
B. Their Condemnation, 2:4-9
C. Their Characteristics, 2:10-22
IV. The Design of the Future, 3:1-18
A. Derision, 3:1-7
B. Delay, 3:8-9
C. Dissolution, 3:10-13
D. Diligence, 3:14-18
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