DATE: 520-518 B.C.
Zechariah was the grandson of Iddo, a priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel and Joshua (Neh. 12:4). According to tradition, Iddo was a member of the Great Synagogue (the governing body of the Jews before the Sanhedrin). The name Zechariah means “Yahweh remembers.” It was a popular name (used in the Old Testament of 27 other people) and an appropriate name for this prophet who exhorted the people to return to God.
Zechariah was a contemporary of the prophet Haggai, the first postexilic prophet (Ezra 5:1; 6:14), and he prophesied more about the Messiah than any other prophet except Isaiah. In the book of Zechariah, the Messiah is presented as the Shepherd, the Stone, the Coming King, and the Branch who will remove iniquity. We read prophecies of Christ’s first coming, including His triumphal entry on a donkey, His being betrayed for 30 pieces of silver, of His Crucifixion (Zech. 3:8; 9:9, 16; 11:11-13; 12:10; 13:1, 6), and prophecies that will be fulfilled at His second coming (Zech 6:12; 14:1-21).
Zechariah’s prophecy begins with a strong call to repentance (Zech 1:1-6), a prerequisite to experiencing the blessings of consolation and hope this book proclaims.
OUTLINE OF ZECHARIAH
I. The Call to Repentance, 1:1-6
II. The Visions of Zechariah, 1:7-6:15
A. The Vision of the Horses and Riders, 1:7-17
B. The Vision of the Four Horns and Four Craftsmen, 1:18-21
C. The Vision of the Surveyor, 2:1-13
D. The Vision of Joshua the High Priest, Zech 3:1-10
E. The Vision of the Golden Lampstand, 4:1-14
F. The Vision of the Flying Scroll, 5:1-4
G. The Vision of the Woman in the Ephah, 5:5-11
H. The Vision of the Four Chariots, 6:1-8
I. The Crowning of Joshua, Zech 6:9-15
III. The Questions Concerning Fasts, 7:1-8:23
A. The Fasts, 7:1-3
B. The Failure of the People, 7:4-14
C. The Future for Jerusalem, 8:1-23
IV. The Oracles Concerning the Future, 9:1-14:21
A. The First Oracle, 9:1-11:17
1. The victories of Alexander the Great, 9:1-8
2. The comings of the King, 9:9-10
3. The victories of the Maccabees, 9:11-17
4. The blessings from Messiah, 10:1-12
5. The rejection of the Shepherd, 11:1-17
B. The Second Oracle, 12:1-14:21
1. The Lord’s care for Jerusalem, 12:1-14
2. The Lord’s cleansing of Jerusalem 13:1-9
3. The Lord’s second coming to Jerusalem, 14:1-21
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