The question “Where did Cain get his wife?” is asked by both skeptics and believers. The Bible answers the question.
Cain was the firstborn son of Adam and Eve. He was born after Adam and Eve were cast out of God’s perfect Garden because of their sin (Gen 3:24). Gen 4:1-2 tells about the birth of Adam and Eve’s second son, Abel.
Genesis 4 tells of both Cain and Abel bringing sacrifices to God. When Abel’s was accepted and Cain’s was not, Cain rose up against his brother and killed him (Gen 4:8). God gave him an opportunity to repent, but when he did not, God put a curse on Cain and drove him out from the land of his family (Gen 4:9-15). We then read that Cain went east of Eden to a place called Nod and there began his own family:
Gen 4:16-17 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.
Since there were no other people groups on earth, it’s logical to ask, where did Cain get his wife?
The Bible does not say that Cain found a wife in the land of Nod. Scripture only says that Cain “knew his wife and she conceived” and gave birth to a son (“knew,” in ancient Hebrew literature, means he had sexual relations with her). The Bible also records that Adam and Eve had more children.
Gen 5:3-4 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth: And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters:
Cain, Abel, and Seth are the only children of Adam and Eve mentioned in the Bible. But it is clear that there were others, both male and female.
Cain Married Adam’s Daughter, His Sister
That’s the answer. Because there were no other people groups on earth, Cain had to have married one of Adam’s daughters. And yes, she would have been one of his sisters.
This sounds terrible and unacceptable to modern minds, but in ancient human history, intermarriage was acceptable, permissible, and necessary. It wasn’t until many generations later that God prohibited marriage between close relatives:
Leviticus 18:6 None of you shall approach anyone who is near of kin to him, to uncover his nakedness.
Leviticus 20:11 The man who lies with his father’s wife has uncovered his father’s nakedness; both of them shall surely be put to death. Their blood shall be upon them.
Deuteronomy 27:20 Cursed is the one who lies with his father’s wife, because he has uncovered his father’s bed.
This raises the question, Why would God forbid intermarriage when He originally permitted it?
The reason that after generations passed God began to forbid close intermarriage is because of the introduction of genetic defects into the human race. In the Garden after Adam sinned, Adam’s physical body began to die and genetic mutation began to appear in that which God had created perfect — the human body. With each passing generation, these genetic mutations increased and God’s prohibition of intermarriage, many generations later, was given to protect His people. However, when Cain married one of his sisters, their brother-sister genetic makeup was still pure enough that intermarriage would not have been a problem.
God’s Command Against Intermarriage
The reason God forbid close intermarriage was because of the introduction of genetic defects into the human race.
In the Garden, prior to the fall, Adam and Eve had genetically perfect bodies. But when they sinned, their bodies began to die and with each passing generation, genetic mutation increased. That’s why, many generations after Adam and Eve, God protected His people by the Levitical law of forbidding marriage between close relatives. However, when Cain married one of his sisters, their genetic makeup would have still been pure enough that intermarriage would not have been a problem.
So Who Was Cain’s Wife?
We don’t know her name. The Bible does not tell us who she was or when he took her to be his wife. There are extra-biblical stories that attribute a name to her, but they should not be considered reliable.
What we do know is:
- The population of the human race was very small at the time of Cain.
- Adam and Eve had both sons and daughters at this time
- Cain’s wife was his sister.
- Without a name, we can only call her, “Cain’s wife.”
Jesus is the Reason this Ministry Exists
Thank you to all who contributed in 2020. Your generosity is a blessing and encouragement to us. We did not meet expenses in 2020 and still need your help to continue our global outreach in 2021. Our mission is to glorify God by equipping, encouraging, and empowering YOU to understand the Bible and grow in faith. If our online resources have blessed you, we hope you will support Reasons for Hope* Jesus. Our ministry outreach has grown significantly and. . .
Please support Reasons for Hope* Jesus with a donation of $5, $10, $20, or more. A donation of any amount is needed and greatly appreciated.
CLICK TO DONATE
to Reasons for Hope*Jesus(a 501c3 Ministry)
Use a Credit Card or PayPal for safe, secure giving.
***A Hidden Message in Psalm 23?***
Hidden in the six verses of Psalm 23 are 11 names for Jesus. When you subscribe to our newsletter, we’ll send you The Names of God in Psalm 23 PDF that reveals all 11 names and Scripture verses of comfort and hope (link will be sent in your confirmation email).
Top Ten in 2019
- What is the meaning of NUMBERS in the Bible?
- What is the meaning of COLORS in the Bible?
- Is my TATTOO a sin?
- What do the 12 stones UNDER the JORDAN River mean? (Joshua 4)
- CHARLIE BROWN Theology
- What Does It Mean to TASTE & SEE That God Is Good? (Psalm 34)
- Did The Wise Men Arrive 12 DAYS AFTER JESUS’ BIRTH? Or Was It Much Later?
- Is Leonard Cohen’s “HALLELUJAH” a Christian Song?
- Where did OT Saints go at death? ABRAHAM'S BOSOM? Where was that?
- Is It a Sin to Drink ALCOHOL?
More Popular Questions & Articles:
If BAPTIZED as an Infant, Do I Need to Be Baptized Again?
How was Jesus Like a Worm? What’s the CRIMSON (OR SCARLET) WORM? Psalm 22
Is Satan’s Real Name LUCIFER? Or Should We Call Him Satan?
What is the Significance of the Wise Men's THREE GIFTS? And were they kings?
Was Jesus CRUCIFIED on Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
The Names of Jehovah hidden in Psalm 23! This will surprise you!
What Did Jesus Say About HEAVEN (and HELL)?
JESUS WEPT. Why? And…it’s not the shortest verse in the Bible!
Is There a Remez (HIDDEN MESSAGE ) in Revelation 7? Why is Dan Missing?
What Does it Mean to Be A CHILD OF GOD?
Why Is PRAYER Important?
Is SUICIDE an Unforgivable Sin?
Something ALL Christians must know: IVDARR
Our Top Three Videos
Help us spread the good news and saving grace of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Please tell your friends about ReasonsforHopeJesus.com. If you have a website or blog, please link to ReasonsforHopeJesus.com. All resources on this site © Reasons for Hope* Jesus -- click for Republication Permissions or contact hope@reasonsforhopeJesus.com